Healthy pregnancy in a woman is a multistep procedure, and to conceive successfully, these steps are essential.

• body must release an egg from the ovaries (ovulation).
• The egg should travel through the fallopian tube towards the uterus.
• Your male partner’s sperm should fertilize the egg.
• The fertilized egg needs to attach to the uterus (Implantation).
Failure of any of these steps can result in infertility:

Pregnancy loss or frequent miscarriages in women is also referred to as infertility, if you have a history of irregular menstrual cycles, pelvic inflammations, or endometriosis, it is advised to meet your doctor to undergo infertility evaluation

When to get evaluated for infertility

• Below age 35 – try for at least one year for pregnancy before consulting a doctor.
• 35 to 40 years – try for six months to conceive before meeting a doctor.
• Above 40 years – better to get evaluated right away and undergo some tests and treatments.

Most commonly, female infertility is caused due to problems associated with ovulation. If you have irregular or absent menstruation, that means you are not ovulating correctly. It is not possible to conceive without producing a healthy egg.

Ovulation disorders

There are a number of things that may be the reason for your infertility;
One in four infertile couples suffers from ovulation disorder, where there is either infrequent ovulation or no ovulation at all. The underlying causes for ovulation disorders can be;
• Polycystic ovulation syndrome or PCOS – It is caused by hormone imbalance associated with insulin resistance and obesity, leading to acne and abnormal facial hair growth.
• Primary ovarian insufficiency – It is an autoimmune condition causing premature loss of eggs from ovaries. Genetics or chemotherapy can be the reason for this condition.
• Excess prolactin – Pituitary gland producing excess prolactin decreases the estrogen production causing infertility.
• Dysfunction of the hypothalamus – Excessive stress or weight gain can disrupt the hormone production of the pituitary gland. This affects ovulation and causes irregular menstruation.


A woman suffering from Hyperprolactinemia (high level of prolactin hormone) leading to no ovulation and hence no pregnancy.

Ovarian Factors

Premature ovarian syndrome

In a few unlucky ladies, their ovary might fail before its time to do this at a later period. It is referred to as a premature ovarian syndrome. Effective diagnosis by infertility specialists in Patna may lead to an early detection and cure of this syndrome at Indira IVF.

Blockage of Fallopian Tube

Fallopian tubes are needed for the transmitting of eggs and sperms. The tube is usually wherein a woman’s egg and man’s sperm meet up to get fertilization. When there is a Blocked Fallopian Tube in one area or perhaps each side, natural pregnancy is not possible. This blockage might be because of sexually transmitted infections (STI) for example Chlamydia and gonorrhea or any other bacteria.
It may suggest that all the time STI has to be intensely followed and cured when a person is to protect one’s fertility. STI might also result in pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) which often results in tubal occlusion with or without pelvic abscess.
Regardless, tubal occlusion is probably not due to infection since a consistent reverse movement of menstrual period blood (Endometriosis) may additionally result in a fallopian tube blockage. Therefore all the vital fertility checks are carried out by the infertility specialists

Uterus Issues

The uterus or the organ commonly referred to as the womb might by itself be the reason for infertility. From their source, it might be missing from developing or it could appear like dual wombs in the same person. In general, fully grown uterine fibroids might distort the womb. As a result, the fibroid might stop implantation of a recently fertilized egg.

Yet, in a few individuals, Asherman’s disorder which frequently results from tuberculosis contamination or following a poorly performed ‘D&C’ could decline entry to the sperms from getting to the eggs since Asherman’s disorder results in adhering of the womb linings together.

Issues Related to the Cervix

Additionally, the neck of the womb referred to as Cervix could become so hurt all through ‘D&C’ or by some other surgical procedure. So as to make cervical incompetence or stenosis (constricting) of the cervix. However, the normal secretions of mucus are probably not pleasurable or take nicely to the occurrence of sperms in some people (Anti-Sperm Antibodies). Hostile cervical mucus also may become a barrier in conceiving.

Vaginal issues

Lastly, the woman’s vagina might be too narrow to allow access to the man’s penis or perhaps panic could hold her in the course of sexual intercourse that normal intercourse is unachievable.
These are some of the most common causes of female infertility.

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